Intraventricular infection; Intraventricular inflammation; Ventriculomeningitis
Bacterial ventriculitis refers to inflammation of the cerebral ventricles, typically resulting from intraventricular infection or bacterial infection of cerebral spinal fluid.
Bacterial ventriculitis is a potential life-threatening condition that can result from the rupture of a cerebral abscess, an infection of an external ventriculostomy catheter, an infection of cerebral spinal fluid, and other infectious CNS conditions. Bacterial infection produces an immune response in the lining of the ventricles, resulting in inflammation.
Presenting symptoms can be headaches, dizziness, confusion, photophobia, and neck and upper back pain and nausea and vomiting in children. In infancy, it can cause unrecognized hydrocephalus. Ventriculitis must be confirmed by examination of the cerebrospinal fluid.
References and Readings
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2017). CDC/NHSN surveillance definitions for specific types of infections. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nhsn/PDFs/pscManual/17pscNosInfDef_current.pdf.
- Weerakkody, Y., & Gaillard, F. (n.d.). Ventriculitis. Retrieved 9 Dec 2016, from https://radiopaedia.org/articles/ventriculitis.