Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Bacterial Ventriculitis

  • Courtney MurphyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9025

Synonyms

Intraventricular infection; Intraventricular inflammation; Ventriculomeningitis

Definition

Bacterial ventriculitis refers to inflammation of the cerebral ventricles, typically resulting from intraventricular infection or bacterial infection of cerebral spinal fluid.

Current Knowledge

Bacterial ventriculitis is a potential life-threatening condition that can result from the rupture of a cerebral abscess, an infection of an external ventriculostomy catheter, an infection of cerebral spinal fluid, and other infectious CNS conditions. Bacterial infection produces an immune response in the lining of the ventricles, resulting in inflammation.

Presenting symptoms can be headaches, dizziness, confusion, photophobia, and neck and upper back pain and nausea and vomiting in children. In infancy, it can cause unrecognized hydrocephalus. Ventriculitis must be confirmed by examination of the cerebrospinal fluid.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Agrawal, A. M., Cincu, R., & Jake, R. (2008). Current concepts and approach to ventriculitis. Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice, 16(2), 100–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2017). CDC/NHSN surveillance definitions for specific types of infections. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nhsn/PDFs/pscManual/17pscNosInfDef_current.pdf.
  3. Tabuchi, S., & Kadowaki, M. (2015). Neuroendoscopic surgery for ventriculitis and hydrocephalus after shunt infection and malfunction: Preliminary report of a new strategy. Asian Journal Endoscopic Surgery, 8, 180–184.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ases.12162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Weerakkody, Y., & Gaillard, F. (n.d.). Ventriculitis. Retrieved 9 Dec 2016, from https://radiopaedia.org/articles/ventriculitis.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Belmont Behavioral HospitalPhiladelphiaUSA