Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Conversational Treatments

  • Julie GriffithEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9018

Synonyms

Conversation therapy

Definition

  1. (a)

    Conversational treatments for people with aphasia strive to enhance the exchange of information between communication partners and create successful and fulfilling interactions by specifically practicing the necessary elements of dialogue (e.g., conveying a message, expanding upon an established topic) within conversation.

     
  2. (b)

    Conversation therapy is “‘direct’, planned therapy that is designed to enhance conversational skill and confidence” using activities that directly address conversation and focus on changing behaviors within the context of genuine conversation (Simmons-Mackie et al. 2014, p. 512)”.

     

Historical Background

There are distinct periods in the history of the diagnosis and treatment of aphasia. Each time period is marked by a movement that has laid the foundation for contemporary conversational treatments. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, physicians and scholars (e.g., Paul Broca, Carl Wernicke) focused...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. American Speech-Language Hearing Association. (2016). Practice portal. Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/practice-portal/
  2. Cherney, L. R., Halper, A. S., Holland, A. L., & Cole, R. (2008). Computerized script training for aphasia: Preliminary results. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 17, 19–34.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Damico, J., Tetnowski, J., Lynch, K., Hartwell, J., Weill, C., Heels, J., & Simmons-Mackie, N. (2015). Facilitating authentic conversation: An intervention employing principles of constructivism and conversation analysis. Aphasiology, 29, 400–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Davis, A. G. (2005). PACE revisited. Aphasiology, 19, 21–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Davis, A. G., & Wilcox, J. (1985). Adult aphasia rehabilitation: Applied pragmatics. San Diego: College Hill Press.Google Scholar
  6. Duchan, J. (2011). A history of speech-language pathology. Retrieved from http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~duchan/new_history/overview.html
  7. Hinckley, J. J. (2009). Conversational treatments: Aphasia. Seminar presented at the 2009 American Speech-Language Hearing Association Convention, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  8. Kagan, A. (1998). Supported conversation for adults with aphasia: Methods and resources for training conversational partners. Aphasiology, 12, 816–830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kagan, A., Black, S., Duchan, J., Simmons-Mackie, N., & Square, P. (2001). Training volunteers as conversation partners using ‘Supported Conversation for Adults with Aphasia’ (SCA): A controlled trial. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 44, 624–638.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kearns, K. P. (1985). Response elaboration training for patient initiated Utterances. In Clinical aphasiology conference: Clinical aphasiology conference (1985:15th: Ashland: June 2–6, 1985).Google Scholar
  11. Lee, J. B., Kaye, R. C., & Cherney, L. R. (2009). Conversational script performance in adults with non-fluent aphasia: Treatment intensity and aphasia severity. Aphasiology, 23, 885–897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. LPAA Project Group, Chapey, R., Duchan, J. F., Elman, R. J., Garcia, L. J., Kagan, A., Lyon, J., & Simmons-Mackie, N. (2000). Life participation approach to aphasia: A statement of values for the future. The ASHA Leader, 5(3), 4–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Simmons-Mackie, N. (2008). Social approaches to aphasia intervention. In R. Chapey (Ed.), Language intervention strategies in aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders (4th ed., pp. 290–319). Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  14. Simmons-Mackie, N., Savage, M. C., & Worrall, L. (2014). Conversation therapy for aphasia: A qualitative review of the literature. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 49(5), 511–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Wambaugh, J. L., & Martinez, A. L. (2000). Effects of modified response elaboration training with apraxic and aphasic speakers. Aphasiology, 14, 603–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Wambaugh, J. L., Martinez, A. L., & Alegre, M. N. (2001). Qualitative changes following application of modified response elaboration traing with apraxic-aphasic speakers. Aphasiology, 15, 965–976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Youmans, G., Holland, A., Munoz, M., & Bourgeois, M. (2005). Script training and automaticity in two individuals with aphasia. Aphasiology, 19, 435–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Speech Pathology and AudiologyBall State UniversityMuncieUSA