Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Auditory Comprehension

  • Kelly Knollman-PorterEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_9015

Definition

The ability to decode and understand spoken language at the word (e.g., Stop!), sentence (e.g., Turn left at the next intersection), and discourse (e.g., conversation) levels. Linguistic factors influencing auditory comprehension can include a word’s frequency of occurrence (e.g., cat vs. omnivore), semantic or acoustic similarities to competing words (e.g., car vs. bus), sentence length, and syntactic complexity. Attention, auditory memory, and a listener’s ability to apply the spoken word to previous experiences or knowledge base can influence effective and efficient auditory comprehension. Auditory comprehension can be impaired to varying degrees following acquired neurogenic disorders such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, and dementia.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Brookshire, R. H. (Ed.). (2007). Introduction to neurogenic communication disorders (7th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.Google Scholar
  2. Helm-Estabrooks, N., Albert, M. L., & Nicholas, M. (Eds.). (2014). Manual of aphasia and aphasia therapy (3rd ed.). Austin: Pro-Ed.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Speech Pathology and AudiologyMiami UniversityOxfordUSA