Metacognitive skills are strategies applied consciously or automatically during learning, cognitive activity, and communication to manipulate cognitive processes before, during, or after a cognitive activity (Flavell 1976, 1979). Examples are executive function processes such as verbal mediation, self-regulation, planning, judgment, and self-monitoring.
Application of metacognitive skills allows one to be aware of one’s own beliefs, attitudes, and experiences, to relate those internal states to the external environment and events in order to construct meaning from information, to infer the mental states of others (theory of mind), and to draw implications about the motives and intentions of others. Metacognitive skills contribute to an individual’s communicative competence during interaction with one or more communication partners through pragmatics or the social use of language. Metacognitive skills in the form of pragmatic skills allow a speaker to...
References and Readings
- Flavell, J. H. (1976). Metacognitive aspects of problem solving. In L. B. Resnick (Ed.), The nature of intelligence (pp. 231–236). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
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