Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Dysphagia

  • Janis Lorman
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_883

Synonyms

Deglutition disorder

Short Description or Definition

Dysphagia is a disorder in the preparation and/or transportation of food and/or liquid from the lips to the duodenum.

Categorization

Dysphagia is divided into several types, dependent on etiology and locus of symptomatology. In general, categories can be oral, oral-pharyngeal, pharyngeal, esophageal, and/or gastric.

Epidemiology

Over a lifetime, 1 in 17 people will develop a swallowing problem or dysphagia. In a 2011 study in the United Kingdom, the prevalence rate in the general community was 11%. The condition affects 40–70% of people with stroke. Patients with neurodegenerative diseases have a 60–80% incidence of dysphagia. In adults 65 and older, 11% may experience dysphagia, often related to gastric reflux. In the institutionalized elderly, the percentage rises to 51%. For patients who have experienced radiation treatments to the head and neck, the incidence of dysphagia is 60–75%.

A 2008 US congressional resolution...
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References and Readings

  1. Arvedson, J. C., & Brodsky, L. (Eds.). (2002). Pediatric swallowing and feeding: Assessment and management (2nd ed.). San Diego: Singular Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  2. Aviv, J. E., Murry, T., Zschommler, A., Cohen, M., & Gartner, C. (2005). Flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing: Patient characteristics and analysis of safety in 1340 consecutive examinations. The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology, 114(3), 173–176.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Feinberg, M. J., Knebl, J., & Tully, J. (1996). Prandial aspiration and pneumonia in an elderly population followed over 3 years. Dysphagia, 11, 104–109.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Holland, G., Jayasekeran, V., Pendleton, N., Horan, M., Jones, M., & Hamdy, S. (2011). Prevalence and symptom profiling of oropharyngeal dysphagia in a community dwelling of an elderly population: A self-reporting questionnaire survey. Diseases of the Esophagus, 24, 476–480.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Hughes, T. A., & Wiles, C. M. (1998). Neurogenic dysphagia: The role of the neurologist. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 64, 569–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Langmore, S. E., Terpenning, M. S., Schork, A., Chen, Y., Murray, J. T., Lopatin, D., et al. (1998). Predictors of aspiration pneumonia: How important is dysphagia? Dysphagia, 13, 69–81.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Lin, L. C., Wu, S. C., Chen, H. S., Wang, T. G., & Chen, M. Y. (2002). Prevalence of impaired swallowing in institutionalized older people in Taiwan. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50, 1118–1123.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Marik, P. E. (2001). Aspiration pneumonitis and aspiration pneumonia. New England Journal of Medicine, 344, 665–671.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Murry, T., & Carrau, R. L. (2012). Clinical management of swallowing disorders (3rd ed.). San Diego: Plural Publishing.Google Scholar
  10. Olivares, L., Segovia, A., & Revuelta, R. (1974). Tube feeding and lethal aspiration in neurological patients: A review of 720 autopsy cases. Stroke, 5, 654–657.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Turley, R., & Cohen, S. (2009). Impact of voice and swallowing problems in the elderly. Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 140, 33–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. United States. Congress. House. (2008). Resolution expressing the sense of the congress that a national dysphagia awareness month should be established. 110th Congress. 2nd session. H. Con. Res. 195 (2008). Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office. Available at: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c110:H.CON.RES.195

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janis Lorman
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Speech–Language Pathology and AudiologyThe University of AkronAkronUSA