Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Janet PattersonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_878


Discriminative stimulus; Prime; Prompt


A cue is a verbal or nonverbal instruction to induce behavior change (Papathanasiou et al. 2016). Cues are internal or self-generated or external coming from the environment (e.g., an examiner, a sight, or a sound). Examples of self-generated, internal cues are reminders for future action (e.g., remember to walk the dog), mental sequences used in the tip-of-the-tongue state (e.g., telling oneself that the name rhymes with sock), or teaching/treatment strategies (e.g., using an association strategy for naming, such as reciting the alphabet to cue the name) (Tompkins et al. 2006). Examples of external cues are environmental signs (e.g., walk/do not walk signals), preprogrammed reminders (e.g., alarm clock), or teaching/treatment techniques (e.g., semantic-phonological cueing hierarchy). A cueing hierarchy is a set of cues progressing from weak cues providing little information about the target response to strong cues providing...
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References and Readings

  1. Linebaugh, C. W., Shishler, R. J., & Lehner, L. (2005). Cueing hierarchies and word retrieval: A therapy program. Aphasiology, 19(1), 77–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Papathanasiou, I. & Coppens, P.C. (2016). Aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders (2nd ed.). Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning.Google Scholar
  3. Tompkins, C. A., Scharp, V. L., & Marshall, R. S. (2006). Communicative value of self cues in aphasia: A re-evaluation. Aphasiology, 20(7), 684–704.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Wambaugh, J. L., Doyle, P. J., Martinez, A. L., & Kalinyak-Fliszar, M. (2002). Effects of two lexical retrieval cueing treatments on action naming in aphasia. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 39(4), 455–466.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG (outside the USA) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology ServiceVA Northern California Health Care SystemMartinezUSA