Controlled Oral Word Association Test
Category fluency; CFL test; COWA; COWAT; F-A-S test; Letter fluency; Phonemic fluency; Verbal fluency
The Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT) is a measure of verbal fluency and is a subtest of the Multilingual Aphasia Examination (MAE; Benton et al. 1994). The COWAT uses two three letter sets – C, F, and L; and P, R, and W (Ross et al. 2006) – to assess phonemic fluency. Individuals are given 1 min to name as many words as possible beginning with one of the letters. The procedure is then repeated for the remaining two letters (see Strauss et al. 2006; Benton et al. 1994 for specific administration instructions). Several tests of phonemic fluency exist, some of which are part of larger test batteries (e.g., the MAE or the Neurosensory Center Comprehensive Examination for Aphasia; Spreen and Benton 1977) and others that can be administered independently (e.g., the F-A-S Test).
Verbal fluency is a cognitive function that facilitates information retrieval...
References and Readings
- Benton, A. L., Hamsher, K., Rey, G. L., & Sivan, A. B. (1994). Multilingual aphasia examination (3rd ed.). Iowa City: AJA Associates.Google Scholar
- Goodglass, H., Kaplan, E., & Baressi, B. (2001). Boston diagnostic aphasia examination (3rd ed.). San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
- Kertesz, A. (2006). Western aphasia battery. New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
- Lezak, M. D., Howieson, D. B., Loring, D. W., Hannay, H. J., & Fischer, J. S. (2004). Neuropsychological assessment (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Spreen, O., & Benton, A. L. (1977). Neurosensory center comprehensive examination for aphasia. Victoria: University of Victoria Neuropsychology Laboratory.Google Scholar
- Spreen, O., & Risser, A. H. (2003). Assessment of aphasia. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Strauss, E., Sherman, E. M. S., & Spreen, O. (2006). Compendium of neuropsychological tests: Administration, norms, and commentary (3rd ed.p. 502). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar