Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Bilingual Aphasia

  • Margarita KaushanskayaEmail author
  • Henrike K. Blumenfeld
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_867

Definition

Bilingual aphasia is a term referring to aphasia in an individual who is bilingual or multilingual. The degree and nature of impairment vary widely, and depend on the interplay among a number of factors, including site and size of the lesion, the individual’s premorbid language learning and experience history, and proficiency and immersion in each language. Current evidence suggests that the same classification/diagnosis of aphasia (e.g., fluent, nonfluent) tends to hold across both languages, with varying degrees of impairment and recovery trajectories (Paradis 1998). In the USA, 45,000 new cases of bilingual aphasia are expected each year (Paradis 2001).

Historical Background

Knowledge of bilingual aphasia is primarily based on a history of case studies (for reviews, see Ansaldo and Ghazi Saidi 2014; Lorenzen and Murray 2008; Pearce 2005), including documented cases as early and varied as a patient who could read Latin but not German (Gesner 1770); a patient in Southern...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margarita Kaushanskaya
    • 1
    Email author
  • Henrike K. Blumenfeld
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.School of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, San Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA