Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Articulation Disorders

  • Pamela Garn-Nunn
  • Carney SottoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_865

Short Description or Definition

An articulation disorder is a failure to acquire or difficulty producing a speech sound or sounds of a particular language by the expected normative age due to some type of motoric production problem. Speech sound errors in articulation disorders include:

Substitutions: replacing a standard speech sound with a different standard speech sound, e.g., w abbit for r abbit, thpoon for spoon, or bery for very.

Omissions/Deletions: a standard speech sound is not produced and is deleted or omitted, e.g., ba for bat, gin for green. (Widespread omissions often indicate a phonological disorder.)

Distortions: the replacement of a standard speech sound by a nonstandard sound. The sound may be slightly changed, e.g., s in soup sounds “slushy” or “lateralized.” A, lisp is a distortion.

Additions: insertion of a sound or syllable into a word, e.g., cart for car or bə lack for black. Additions are the least commonly occurring type of articulation error.

While some of...

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References and Readings

  1. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2007). Speech sound disorders: Articulation and phonological disorders. www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/SpeechSoundDisorders.
  2. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2008). Incidence and prevalence of communication disorders and hearing loss in children (2008 edition). www.asha.org/members/research/reports/children.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.College of Allied Health Sciences, University of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA