Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Vestibular System

  • Jennifer Sue KleinerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_815

Definition

The vestibular system is responsible for equilibrioception, including detection of motion and positional changes, sense of balance, and spatial orientation.

Current Knowledge

The end organs of the vestibular system, which is closely connected to the auditory system, are located in the inner ear. The vestibular system is responsible for equilibrioception, including detection of motion and positional changes, sense of balance, and spatial orientation. It plays a major role in such basic functions as standing upright, coordination and movement, and in maintaining one’s balance and equilibrium. This is accomplished by detecting the position of the head relative to gravitational forces and its motion, which then lead to compensating, reflexive adjustments of the trunk and/or limbs. This system also contributes to the adjustment of heart rate and blood pressure, muscle tone, and limb position.

The vestibular system portion of the inner ear is comprised of several components – the...

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References and Readings

  1. Highstein, S. M., Fay, R. R., & Popper, A. N. (Eds.). (2004). The vestibular system. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  2. Wilson-Pauwek, L., Akesson, E. J., Stewart, P. A., & Spacey, S. D. (2002). Cranial nerves in health and disease. Hamilton: B.C. Decker.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Blandford Physician CenterLittle RockUSA