Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Kerry DonnellyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_804


Tinnitus is usually described as a ringing or other persisting noise in the ear such as a buzzing, hissing, whistling, roaring, or even clicking sound. It can be present in one or both ears. Tinnitus can be intermittent or continuous. In the latter case, this phantom sound can create great distress in the sufferer. Tinnitus is not itself a disease, but a symptom resulting from a range of underlying causes, including nerve damage from trauma or other lesions, inner ear damage, ear infections, foreign objects or wax in the ear, nose allergies that prevent (or induce) fluid drain and cause wax buildup, and injury from loud noises. Tinnitus is also a side effect of some oral medications, such as aspirin, and may also result from an abnormally low level of serotonin activity. In many cases, however, no underlying physical cause can be identified. It is most typically associated with some hearing loss, but tinnitus can also occur alone.

While the most effective treatment for...

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References and Readings

  1. Anderson, G., Baguley, D., McKenna, L., & McFerran, D. (2005). Tinnitus: A multidisciplinary approach. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VA WNY Healthcare SystemUniversity of Buffalo (SUNY) Behavioral Health Careline (116B)BuffaloUSA