Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Thalamic Pain Syndrome

  • Jennifer Sue KleinerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_802

Synonyms

Dejerine-Roussy syndrome

Current Knowledge

First defined in 1906, thalamic pain syndrome may occur in individuals with lesions affecting the thalamus, most commonly stroke. Also known as Déjerine-Roussy syndrome, the pain may begin soon after the stroke or may only gradually evolve after weeks to months following the episode, although not all thalamic strokes result in this syndrome. When it occurs, the pain may be associated with or follow weakness and/or a general loss of sensation on the side of body contralateral to the stroke. Thalamic pain appears to be the result of altered perception of or hypersensitivity to most or all forms of tactile or cutaneous stimulation, including light touch and changes in temperature. These symptoms can be made worse during periods of emotional distress. The quality of the pain sensation varies, being described as burning, tearing, or shooting, but nearly always as very distressing, often lasting well beyond the stimulus that evoked it.

Cross-References...

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References and Readings

  1. Pearce, J. M. S. (1988). The thalamic syndrome of Dejerine and Roussy. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 51, 676.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Schott, G. D. (1995). From thalamic syndrome to central poststroke pain. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 61, 560–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Blandford Physician CenterLittle RockUSA