Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Peripheral Neuropathy

  • Kerry DonnellyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_771

Synonyms

Peripheral nerve disease; Polyneuropathy

Definition

Peripheral neuropathy simply refers to a disease process that affects the peripheral nerves. The causes can be multiple and, depending on the particular pathology, can affect different parts of the nerves, such as the cell bodies, myelin sheaths, or the axons themselves. Peripheral nerves consist of both motor and sensory fibers, either or both of which may be affected by different disease processes. All this adds to the potential diversity of symptoms, as well as to the progression or course of the disease and available treatments. Sensory symptoms can reflect a loss or diminution of any sensory modality, including simple touch (feelings of numbness) fine tactile discrimination, proprioception (position sense), vibration, temperature, and pain. Despite the potential loss of normal pain perception and sensations of numbness, sensations of burning (most frequent), stabbing (sharp), or aching (dull) pain are quite common. There...

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References and Readings

  1. Ropper, A. H., & Brown, R. H. (2005). Adams and Victor’s principles of neurology. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VA WNY Healthcare SystemUniversity of Buffalo (SUNY) Behavioral Health Careline (116B)BuffaloUSA