Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Medial Lemniscus

  • John E. MendozaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_749

Definition

A paired somatosensory pathway that originates in the medulla and proceeds rostrally through the central and later the dorsolateral brainstem to the ventral posterior lateral nuclei of the thalamus. The medial lemniscus is formed in the central portion of the medulla by the crossing internal arcuate fibers exiting the cuneate and gracilis nuclei. Thus, when seen in the brainstem, the medial lemniscus represents information from the contralateral side of the body (upper and lower extremities and trunk). Since the nucleus cuneatus and nucleus gracilis derive their input from the posterior (dorsal) columns, the medial lemniscus carries proprioceptive, vibratory, and fine stereognostic (e.g., two-point discrimination) information. By the mid-pontine level the medial lemniscus and the spinothalamic tracts become more or less contiguous. Thus, a single lesion here or higher in the brainstem, in addition to problems in the above cited functions, could also result in loss of pain...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and NeuroscienceTulane Medical School and SE Louisiana Veterans Healthcare SystemNew OrleansUSA