Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Headache

  • Nathan D. ZaslerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_675

Synonyms

Cephalalgia

Short Description

A headache is a pain or discomfort that is perceived to be in the head, although sometimes the pain may actually be referred from other structures such as the neck or jaw. Life-threatening causes of headache, although rare, must be considered as more expedient treatment can be life saving. Experienced clinicians should be able to determine the underlying cause for headache with appropriate time taken to acquire an adequate history, as well as conduct a careful physical evaluation and, as necessary, order appropriate diagnostic testing. Once the appropriate diagnosis is made, treatment should be instituted in a holistic fashion with a sensitivity to maximizing the benefit/risk ratio of any particular intervention, prescribing treatment that can be optimally complied with and educating the patient and family regarding the condition, its treatment, and prognosis.

Categorization

Headaches have been categorized using various systems. The two most...

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References and Readings

  1. Diamond, S. (Ed.). (2015). Headache and migraine biology and management (1st ed.). Cambridge, MA: Academic/Elsevier.Google Scholar
  2. Hart, R. P., Wade, J. B., & Martelli, M. F. (2003). Cognitive impairment in patients with chronic pain: The significance of stress. Current Pain and Headache Reports, 77, 116–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Headache Classification Committee, The International Headache Society (IHS). (2013). The international classification of headache disorders, 3rd edition (beta version). Cephalalgia, 33(9), 629–808.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lance, J. W., & Goadsby, P. J. (Eds.). (2005). Mechanism and management of headache (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  5. Martelli, M. F., Grayson, R. L., & Zasler, N. D. (1999). Posttraumatic headache: Neuropsychological and psychological effects and treatment implications. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 14(1), 49–69.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Moriarty, O., McGuire, B. E., & Finn, D. P. (2011). The effect of pain on cognitive function: A review of clinical and preclinical research. Progress in Neurobiology, 93(3), 385–404.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. National Headache Foundation. http://www.headaches.org. Accessed 25 May 2016.
  8. Silberstein, S. D., Lipton, R. B., & Dodick, D. W. (Eds.). (2007). Wolff’s headache and other head pain (8th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Concussion Care Centre of Virginia, Ltd.RichmondUSA