Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Clinical Neuropsychology

  • Anthony Y. StringerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_664

Definition

Clinical neuropsychology is a specialty within psychology that applies the science of brain-behavior relations to the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients across the life span with neurological, medical, neurodevelopmental, psychiatric, or other cognitive and learning disorders (Barth et al. 2003). The American Psychological Association (APA) defines a clinical neuropsychologist as “a professional psychologist who applies principles of assessment and intervention based upon the scientific study of human behavior as it relates to normal and abnormal functioning of the nervous system” (APA 1989, p. 22).

Clinical neuropsychology is recognized as a specialty by APA, the American Board of Professional Psychology, and the Canadian Psychological Association. Though there is no agreed upon date for the emergence of the field, clinical neuropsychology began to be recognized as a distinct professional discipline following a 1948 symposium at the APA annual...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA