Clinical neuropsychology is a specialty within psychology that applies the science of brain-behavior relations to the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients across the life span with neurological, medical, neurodevelopmental, psychiatric, or other cognitive and learning disorders (Barth et al. 2003). The American Psychological Association (APA) defines a clinical neuropsychologist as “a professional psychologist who applies principles of assessment and intervention based upon the scientific study of human behavior as it relates to normal and abnormal functioning of the nervous system” (APA 1989, p. 22).
Clinical neuropsychology is recognized as a specialty by APA, the American Board of Professional Psychology, and the Canadian Psychological Association. Though there is no agreed upon date for the emergence of the field, clinical neuropsychology began to be recognized as a distinct professional discipline following a 1948 symposium at the APA annual...
References and Readings
- Benton, A. (1987). Evolution of a clinical specialty. In K. M. Adams & B. P. Rourke (Eds.), The TCN guide to professional practice in clinical neuropsychology (pp. 1–4). Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger.Google Scholar
- Goldstein, K. (1948). Language and language disorders. Orlando: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
- Groth-Marnat, G. (2000). Introduction to neuropsychological assessment. In G. Groth-Marnat (Ed.), Neuropsychological assessment in clinical practice: A guide to test interpretation and integration (pp. 3–25). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Jodzio, K. (1998). Neuropsychology in Poland: Past and present. International Neuropsychological Society Liaison Committee Newsletter, 5, 1–3.Google Scholar
- Lezak, M. D., Howieson, D. B., & Loring, D. W. (2004). The practice of neuropsychological assessment. In Neuropsychological assessment (4th ed., pp. 3–14). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Nihashi, N. (1998). Neuropsychology in Japan. International Neuropsychological Society Liaison Committee Newsletter, 5, 1–3.Google Scholar
- Parsons, O. A. (1991). Clinical neuropsychology 1970–1990: A personal view. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 6, 105–111.Google Scholar
- Stringer, A. Y., & Cooley, E. L. (2002). Neuropsychology: A twentieth-century science. In A. Y. Stringer, E. L. Cooley, & A.-L. Christensen (Eds.), Pathways to prominence in neuropsychology: Reflections of twentieth century pioneers (pp. 3–26). New York: Psychology Press.Google Scholar