Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Prefrontal Lobotomy

  • Nathan D. ZaslerEmail author
  • Paul E. Kaplan
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_64

Definition

Prefrontal lobotomy is a neurosurgical procedure that used to be much more in evidence than it is at present. Prefrontal denotes the anterior component of the frontal lobe of the cerebral hemisphere and the granular frontal cortex. It is also anterior to the premotor area of the cerebral hemisphere. Long ago, it was thought that a bilateral removal of these areas of the cerebral hemispheres would lessen the antisocial activity potential in that treated patient and lower the capability for participation in violent crime. This procedure was thought to have a capacity to reduce the number of inpatient beds filled by psychiatric patients with violent histories. Postoperative psychiatric inpatients were actually augmented. Side effects and complications were significant enough that this neurological surgical procedure is not as frequently used and it is used only for very special indications.

Current Knowledge

The application of this neurological surgical procedure was previously...

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References and Readings

  1. Miller, B. L., & Cummings, J. L. (1999). The human frontal lobes. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  2. Stuss, D. T., & Knight, R. T. (Eds.). (2002). Principles of frontal lobe function. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Concussion Care Centre of Virginia, Ltd.RichmondUSA
  2. 2.Capitol Clinical NeuroscienceFolsomUSA