Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Korsakoff (Korsakov), Sergei Sergeievich (1854–1900)

  • Benjamin HampsteadEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_631

Major Appointments

  • Physician, Preobrazhenskii Mental Hospital, Moscow, Russia

  • Chair of Psychiatry, Preobrazhenskii Mental Hospital, Moscow, Russia

  • Superintendent, Psychiatric Clinic, Moscow University, Moscow, Russia

Major Honors and Awards

  • 1890: Founded the Moscow Society of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists

Landmark Clinical, Scientific, and Professional Contributions

  • Korsakoff is best known for his work detailing the cognitive and physical effects of chronic alcoholism. His initial contribution to this area was his 1887 doctoral thesis, which found that many alcoholics demonstrated evidence of polyneuritis (e.g., muscular weakness and pain, staggering gait) as well as profound memory impairments and confabulation. Although others (e.g., James Jackson in 1822; Robert Lawson in 1879) had previously described some of these same symptoms, Korsakoff realized the cognitive and physical symptoms were characteristics of a single disease. In fact, Korsakoff initially named the disorder psyc...

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References and Readings

  1. Beighton, P., & Beighton, G. (1997). The person behind the syndrome. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Finger, S. (1994). Origins of neuroscience: A history of explorations into brain function (pp. 357–362). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Korsakoff, S. S. (1887). Disturbance of psychic function in alcoholic paralysis and its relation to the disturbance of the psychic sphere in multiple neuritis of non-alcoholic origin. Quoted by M. Victor, R. D. Adams, G. H. Collins (1971) The Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  4. Korsakoff, S. S. (1889a). Psychic disorder in conjunction with peripheral neuritis (trans: Victor, M., Yakovlev, P. I., 1955) Neurology, 5, 394–406.Google Scholar
  5. Korsakoff, S. S. (1889b). Etude medico-psychologique sur une forme des maladies de la me moire. Revue Philosophie, 20, 501–530.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Michigan, Michigan Alzheimer’s Disease CenterAnn ArborUSA