Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

American Psychological Association (APA)

  • Nadine J. KaslowEmail author
  • Jennifer M. Doran
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_593


As of 2017, the American Psychological Association (APA) had a total of 115,492 members (76,174 full members and 39,318 affiliate members, including 31,560 students).

Mission Statement

APA is the leading scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the United States. Its mission is to “advance the creation, communication, and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society and improve people’s lives.” APA achieves this mission through four interrelated directorates, which focus on education, science, practice, and the public interest. APA’s current strategic plan has three primary goals: (1) maximize organizational effectiveness, (2) expand psychology’s role in advancing health, and (3) increase recognition of psychology as a science.


The APA was founded in 1892 at Clark University by a small group of scholars interested in the “new psychology” (Fernberger 1932). G. Stanley Hall was elected as the inaugural president. The...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychological Association. (2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved from: http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/
  2. American Psychological Association. (2016). About APA. Retrieved from: http://www.apa.org/about/index.aspx
  3. Benjamin, L. T., Jr. (2009). A history of psychology: Original sources and contemporary research (3rd ed.). Malden: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  4. Dewsbury, D. A. (1997). On the evolution of divisions. American Psychologist, 52, 733–741.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.52.7.733.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Evans, R. B., Sexton, V. S., & Cadwallader, T. C. (Eds.). (1992). The American Psychological Association: A historical perspective. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  6. Fernberger, S. W. (1932). The American Psychological Association: A historical summary, 1892–1930. Psychological Bulletin, 29, 1–89.  https://doi.org/10.1037/h0075733.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guthrie, R. V. (2004). Even the rat was white: A historical view of psychology. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  8. Pickren, W. E., & Schneider, S. F. (Eds.). (2005). Psychology and the National Institute of Mental Health: A historical analysis of science, practice, and policy. Washington, DC: APA Books.Google Scholar
  9. World Health Organisation. (1992). International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems, 10th revision (ICD-10). Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
  10. Yohn, D. L. (January 2016). To stay relevant, professional associations must rebrand. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from: https://hbr.org/2016/01/to-stay-relevant-professional-associations-must-rebrand

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesEmory University School of Medicine, APAAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.VA Connecticut Healthcare SystemYale School of MedicineNewingtonUSA