Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Alzheimer, Alois (1864–1915)

  • Katherine S. McClellan
  • Anna Bacon MooreEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_585

Major Appointments

  • Intern – Mental Asylum at Frankfurt am Main, 1888–1895

  • Senior Physician – Mental Asylum at Frankfurt am Main, 1895–1903

  • Researcher – Royal Psychiatric Clinic and District Mental Asylum, Munich, 1903–1912

  • Assistant Professor – Ludwig-Maximilian University, Munich, 1904–1912

  • Chief Physician – Royal Psychiatric Clinic and District Mental Asylum, Munich, 1906–1909

  • Professor of Psychiatry – Psychiatry Clinic of Silesian Friedrich-Wilhelm University, Breslau, 1912–1915

Major Honors and Awards

  • Extraordinary Professor, Ludwig-Maximilian University (1909)

  • Geheimer Ministerialrat (Cabinet Councillor) (1915)

Landmark Clinical, Scientific, and Professional Contributions

  • Alois Alzheimer was both an excellent clinician and a notable researcher. He is best remembered for being the first to definitively describe the symptoms and cerebral lesions of the disease now known as Alzheimer’s disease. Nonetheless, his contributions to science and medicine did not begin, nor do they end,...

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References and Readings

  1. Alzheimer, A. (1906). Über einen eigenartigen schweren Erkrankungsprozeβ der Hirnrincle. Neurol Central, 25, 1134. (On a peculiarly difficult malady/pathology of the cerebral cortex).Google Scholar
  2. Engstrom, E. (2007). Researching dementia in imperial Germany: Alois Alzheimer and the economies of psychiatric practice. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 31, 405–413.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Graeber, M., Kösel, S., Egensperger, R., Banati, R., Müller, U., Bise, K., et al. (1997). Rediscovery of the case described by Alois Alzheimer in 1911: Historical and molecular genetic analysis. Neurogenetics, 1(73), 80.Google Scholar
  4. Lage, J. (2006). 100 years of Alzheimer’s disease (1906–2006). Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 9, 15–26.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Maurer, K., & Maurer, U. (1998). Alzheimer: The life of a physician and the career of a disease. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Morris, R., & Salmon, D. (2007). The centennial of Alzheimer’s disease and the publication of “Über eine eigenartige Erkankung der Hirnrinde” by Alöis Alzheimer. Cortex, 43, 821–825.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Small, D., & Cappai, R. (2006). Alois Alzheimer and Alzheimer’s disease: A centennial perspective. Journal of Neurochemistry, 99, 708–710.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Snyder, P., & Pearn, A. (2007). Historical note on Darwin’s consideration of early-onset dementia in older persons, thirty-six years before Alzheimer’s initial case report. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 3, 137–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Zilka, N., & Novak, M. (2006). The tangled story of Alois Alzheimer. Bratislavské Lekárske Listy, 107, 343–345.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rehabilitation Research and Development CenterAtlanta Veterans Affairs Medical CenterDecaturUSA
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Division of NeuropsychologyEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA