Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures

  • Shawn GaleEmail author
  • Carl B. Dodrill
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_571

Synonyms

Hysterical pseudoseizures; Nonepileptic attack disorder; Nonepileptic paroxysmal disorder; Nonepileptic seizures; PNES; Pseudoepileptic seizures; Pseudoseizure; Psychogenic seizures

Short Description or Definition

Spells or seizures that are not epileptic in nature but mimic epileptic seizures (ES) and are not related to another medical condition or physiological event and appear to be of psychogenic origin are referred to as psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). These spells must be distinguished from epileptic seizures, and the gold standard for doing so is to use video-EEG recording (vEEG). Routinely, the patient is admitted to the inpatient epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) of a hospital for several days, and during that time, (1) continuous electroencephalogram (EEG) is recorded to determine the presence or absence and location of epileptiform electrical discharges characteristic of epilepsy, and (2) continuous video with audio is recorded to identify behavior during...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Neuroscience CenterBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA