Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Susan K. JohnsonEmail author
  • Michael R. Villanueva
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_560


Iatrogenic refers to a complication or adverse result of a medical therapy or diagnostic procedure that is inadvertently induced by a physician, psychologist, therapist, or other healthcare professionals.

Current Knowledge


Iatrogenic conditions almost exclusively refer to complications or adverse effects stemming from medical treatment, while the healthcare professional is often not blamed. In fact, sometimes an individual (patient) may react atypically to a medication or diagnostic procedure when compared with the average person under similar conditions. More specifically, an individual’s genetic makeup (e.g., genetic mutations) may variably predispose them to adversely react to certain medications. Yet, these types of outcomes are labeled idiosyncratic events by some and iatrogenic conditions by others. The term iatrogenic may appear vague to some individuals in part because its interpretation can be subjective and contextually influenced.

Iatrogenic Sources


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA