Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Guillain-Barré Syndrome

  • Khan FaryEmail author
  • Louisa Ng
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_554

Synonyms

Acute febrile polyneuritis; Acute infective polyneuritis; Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP); Idiopathic polyneuritis; Landry-Guillain-Barré syndrome; Landry-Guillain-Barré-Strohl syndrome

Short Description or Definition

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a monophasic illness of immune etiology that presents as an evolving sensorimotor polyneuropathy of varying severity as a result of an inflammation of the peripheral nerves and nerve roots. GBS is a major cause of acute ascending neuromuscular paralysis and is often associated with autonomic dysfunction.

Categorization

GBS is recognized as a heterogeneous syndrome with several variant forms (see Table 1). The commonest type of GBS is AIDP. Axonal subtypes include acute motor axonal neuropathy and acute motor and sensory axonal neuropathy. Variants include Miller Fisher syndrome (cranial nerve involvement, ataxia) and acute pan-dysautonomia.
Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Table 1

Frequency of features and...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of Melbourne and the Royal Melbourne HospitalParkvilleAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineRoyal Melbourne HospitalParkvilleAustralia