Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  • Elizabeth KozoraEmail author
  • Karin F. Hoth
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_545

Synonyms

Chronic bronchitis; COPD; Emphysema

Short Description or Definition

The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) statement regarding the diagnosis, management, and prevention of COPD (GOLD 2015) defines COPD as a disease that is “characterized by persistent airflow limitation that is usually progressive and associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response in the airways and the lung to noxious particles or gases.” The definition includes the fact that exacerbations and comorbidities contribute to the overall severity of disease in individual patients. The GOLD initiative was organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) with the first GOLD report published in 2001. The most recent GOLD report and additional information about definitions, diagnosis, treatment, and research can be found at www.goldcopd.com.

Categorization

COPD has traditionally been defined by severity of airflow...

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References and Readings

  1. Anthonisen, N. R., & Manfred, J. (2004). Epidemiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In J. D. Crapo, J. Glassroth, J. B. Karlinsky, & T. E. King (Eds.), Baum’s textbook of pulmonary diseases (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  2. Dodd, J. W., Getov, S. V., & Jones, P. W. (2010). Cognitive function in COPD. European Respiratory Journal, 35(4), 913–922.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  4. Global Initiative for Chonric Obstructive Lung Disease. (2015). Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease- updated 2015. Global Initiative for Choronic Obstructive Lung Disease, Inc.Google Scholar
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  6. Hynninen, K. M., Breitve, M. H., Wiborg, A. B., Pallesen, S., & Nordhus, I. H. (2005). Psychological characteristics of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 59(6), 429–443.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Kozora, E., & Hoth, K. F. (2013). Evaluating cognition in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In L. D. Ravdi & H. L. Katzen (Eds.), Handbook on the neuropsychology of aging and dementia (pp. 455–466). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kozora, E., Emery, C., Kaplan, R. M., Wamboldt, F. S., Zhang, L., & Make, B. J. (2008). Cognitive and psychological issues in emphysema. Proceedings of the ATS, 5(4), 556–560.Google Scholar
  9. Kozora, E., Emery, C. F., Zhang, L., & Make, B. (2010). Improved neurobehavioral functioning in emphysema patients following medical therapy. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitiation, 34, 291–302.Google Scholar
  10. Make, B. (2004). Pulmonary rehabilitation. In J. D. Crapo, J. Glassroth, J. B. Karlinsky, & T. E. King (Eds.), Baum’s textbook of pulmonary diseases (7th ed., pp. 289–307). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  11. McSweeny, A. J., & Labuhn, K. T. (1996). The relationship of neuropsychological functioning to health-related quality of life in systemic medical disease: The example of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In I. Grant & K. M. Adams (Eds.), Neuropsychological assessment of neuropsychiatric disorders (pp. 577–602). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Prigatano, G. P., & Levin, D. C. (1988). Pulmonary system. In R. E. Tarter, D. H. Van Theiel, & K. L. Edwards (Eds.), Medical neuropsychology (pp. 11–26). New York: Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Singh, B., Mielke, M. M., Parsaik, A. K., Cha, R. H., Roberts, R. O., Scanlon, P. D., et al. (2014). A prospective study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and the risk for mild cognitive impairment. JAMA Neurology, 71(5), 581–588.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine, National Jewish Medical and Research CenterNational Jewish HealthDenverUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA