Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  • Elizabeth KozoraEmail author
  • Karin F. Hoth
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_545


Chronic bronchitis; COPD; Emphysema

Short Description or Definition

The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) statement regarding the diagnosis, management, and prevention of COPD (GOLD 2015) defines COPD as a disease that is “characterized by persistent airflow limitation that is usually progressive and associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response in the airways and the lung to noxious particles or gases.” The definition includes the fact that exacerbations and comorbidities contribute to the overall severity of disease in individual patients. The GOLD initiative was organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) with the first GOLD report published in 2001. The most recent GOLD report and additional information about definitions, diagnosis, treatment, and research can be found at www.goldcopd.com.


COPD has traditionally been defined by severity of airflow...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine, National Jewish Medical and Research CenterNational Jewish HealthDenverUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA