Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Trauma Center

  • James F. MalecEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_536


Level I, II, III, IV trauma centers; Trauma systems


Trauma centers are hospital-based emergency departments with adequate specialized personnel and equipment to address a variety of traumatic injuries.

Current Knowledge

Most regions in the USA have developed trauma systems which, in highly populated areas, may include a number of trauma centers of varying capacities. Trauma systems also include other resources, such as emergency response, evacuation teams, equipment to provide life-saving interventions, and stabilization at the site of injury, and convey patients to the trauma center. Trauma centers are typically designated at the state or local level. The American College of Surgeons (ACS) has established a program to verify the level of resources available at a trauma center at various levels as outlined in Table 1.
Trauma Center, Table 1

Typical characteristics of trauma care resource levels

Level I:

A tertiary care medical facility central to the regional trauma...

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References and Readings

  1. Trauma Center Levels Explained. American Trauma Society. www.amtrauma.org/?page=traumalevels. Retrieved 20 Jan 2016.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationIndiana University School of Medicine and the Rehabilitation Hospital of IndianaIndianapolisUSA