Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Mild Cognitive Impairment

  • David J. LibonEmail author
  • Lisa Delano-Wood
  • Mark W. Bondi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_513

Synonyms

Age-associated cognitive decline; Age-associated memory impairment; Benign senescent forgetfulness; Cognitive impairment no dementia (CIND)

Description of Mild Cognitive Impairment

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is described as a prodromal or transitional state whereby individuals present with reduced performance on selected neuropsychological tests and are at increased risk for the development of dementia. The initial characterization of MCI as defined by Petersen et al. (1999) included the following criteria: (1) a subjective complaint of a memory disorder (preferably corroborated by an informant), (2) intact activities of daily living, (3) preserved general cognitive abilities, (4) objective evidence of a memory deficit; and (5) the absence of dementia. In their initial research, Petersen et al. (1999) studied three groups of participants – patients classified as MCI, a normal control (NC) group, and patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The primary findings showed that...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Libon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lisa Delano-Wood
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mark W. Bondi
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Departments of Geriatrics, Gerontology, and Psychology, Rowan University, New Jersey Institute for Successful AgingSchool of Osteopathic MedicineStratfordUSA
  2. 2.Memory, Aging and Resilience Clinic (MARC), Department of PsychiatryUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  3. 3.VA San Diego Healthcare SystemSan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.University of California San Diego School of MedicineLa JollaUSA
  5. 5.Neuropsychological Assessment UnitVA San Diego Healthcare SystemSan DiegoUSA