Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Parkinson’s Dementia

  • Matthew KraybillEmail author
  • Yana Suchy
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_504

Synonyms

Parkinson’s disease

Definition

Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD) is a progressive neurocognitive disorder that is characterized by a decline in cognitive functioning that develops more than 1 year after a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease. If significant cognitive decline precedes the onset of parkinsonian motor symptoms (i.e., resting tremor, muscle rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability), then the criteria may be met for the related disorder, dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) (Goldmann Gross et al. 2008). There is an ongoing debate in the current literature about whether PDD and DLB are distinct entities or whether they lie on the same disease spectrum, as they are characterized by overlapping motor symptoms, cognitive profiles, neuropathological features, and clinical course (see section “Current Knowledge” for more details) (Aarsland et al. 2004; Goldmann Gross et al. 2008; Lippa et al. 2007).

Historical Background

The clinical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease have...

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References and Readings

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NeuropsychologyCottage Rehabilitation HospitalSanta BarbaraUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyThe University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA