Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Vascular Dementia

  • Holly Rau
  • Rosemary Ziemnik
  • Yana Suchy
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_494

Synonyms

Atherosclerotic dementia; Binswanger’s disease; Cerebrovascular disease; Dementia due to vascular disease/lacunar state; Multi-infarct dementia; Subcortical dementia; Subcortical Ischemic Vascular Dementia (SIVD); Subcortical leukoencephalopathy; Vascular cognitive impairment; Vascular disorders

Definition

Vascular dementia (VaD) refers to a progressive decline in cognitive functioning caused by cerebrovascular brain damage. The dementia associated with vascular factors is different from the prototypic Alzheimer’s dementia in that executive impairments and psychomotor slowing, rather than memory per se, constitute the most prominent deficits. Syndromes related to different vascular mechanisms include VaD due to hemorrhagic lesions, lacunar lesions, or a single strategic infarct; multi-infarct dementia; subcortical vascular dementia; mixed dementia; Binswanger disease; and mild vascular cognitive impairment. Various vascular pathologies contribute to a broad continuum of...

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References and Reading

  1. Alagiakrishnan, K. (2016). Vascular dementia. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/292105
  2. Duthie, E. H., Katz, P. R., & Malone, M. (Eds.). (2007). Practice of geriatrics (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders.Google Scholar
  3. Hachinski, V., Iadecola, C., Petersen, R. C., Breteler, M. M., Nyenhuis, D. L., Black, S. E., et al. (2006). National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke-Canadian Stroke Network vascular cognitive impairment harmonization standards. Stroke, 37(9), 2220–2241.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Khan, A., Kalaria, R. N., Corbett, A., & Ballard, C. (2016). Update on vascular dementia. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 29(5), 281–301.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. O’Brien, T. J., & Thomas, A. (2015). Vascular dementia. The Lancet, 386(10004), 1698–1706.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Smith, G. E., & Bondi, M. W. (2013). Mild cognitive impairment and dementia. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. University of California at San Francisco Memory and Aging Center. (2008). Vascular dementia. http://memory.ucsf.edu/Education/Disease/vad.html

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holly Rau
    • 1
  • Rosemary Ziemnik
    • 1
  • Yana Suchy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA