Endolymphatic hydrops; Ménière’s disease
Ménière’s syndrome consists of recurrent episodes of vertigo, lasting minutes to hours (or longer), which may be accompanied by tinnitus and hearing loss.
Ménière’s syndrome affects men and women equally. The onset is most often in the fifth decade but can occur earlier or later.
Onset is usually sporadic, with no known cause. The syndrome may occur in patients with prior ear damage due to viral or bacterial infection, commonly in childhood. There may be a history of hearing loss. Transmission is hereditary (may be dominant or recessive).
Ménière’s syndrome is characterized by increased volume of endolymph (the fluid inside the semicircular canals), causing distention of the endolymphatic system.
Ménière’s syndrome is characterized by the sudden onset of severe vertigo (spinning sensation), accompanied by nausea and, sometimes, vomiting. The patient is frequently...
References and Readings
- Pullens, B., Giard, J. L., Verschuur, H. P., & van Benthem, P. P. (2010). Surgery for ménière's disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 20(1), CD005395.Google Scholar