Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Theslee Joy DePieroEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_459


Overdeveloped, larger than normal. Hypertrophy is due to the enlargement of the normal parts of a structure, not due to additional parts. There are no more cells than normal, but all the cells are larger in size. Cardiac hypertrophy is often due to untreated hypertension. The most common cause of muscular hypertrophy is exercise. If a structure such as a muscle is larger than normal due to additional tissue/cells, it is referred to as pseudohypertrophy, for example, in Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Braintree Rehabilitation HospitalBoston University School of MedicineBostonUSA