Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Vocational Rehabilitation

  • Christopher WagnerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_435


Vocational rehabilitation (VR) is the process of assisting individuals with injuries, illnesses, or disabilities to identify career goals and possibilities, match individuals to best-suited career options, train them in required skills, place them in applicable and promising employment positions, support them as they adjust to new demands, and assist them in advancing their careers.

Historical Background

VR services span public and private agencies. Public services are primarily provided through state-federal rehabilitation service delivery system, in which almost $3 billion is provided by the federal government but administered by State Departments of Rehabilitation Services (agency names may vary by jurisdiction). State-federal programs were initially formed to help returning injured soldiers after World War I but have expanded dramatically to provide services to all citizens with physical, psychiatric, learning, or behavioral impairments. With shrinking budgets and...

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References and Readings

  1. Butterworth, J., Smith, F. A., Hall, A. C., Migliore, A., Winsor, J., Domin, D., & Timmons, J. C. (2012). StateData: The national report on employment services and outcomes. Boston: University of Massachusetts Boston, Institute for Community Inclusion.Google Scholar
  2. Escorpizo, R., Brage, S., Homa, D., & Stucki, D. (2015). Handbook of vocational rehabilitation and disability evaluation: Application and implementation of the ICF. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  8. Wagner, C. C., Armstrong, A. J., Fraser, R. T., Vandergoot, D., & Thomas, D. F. (2006). Evidence-based employment practices in vocational rehabilitation. In K. Hagglund & A. W. Heinemann (Eds.), Handbook of applied disability and rehabilitation research. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  9. Wehman, P. H. (Ed.). Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation. Amsterdam: IOS Press. www.worksupport.com

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation CounselingVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA