Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Problem-Solving Training

  • Joyce A. CorsicaEmail author
  • Lauren E. Bradley
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_420

Synonyms

Problem solving; Problem-solving therapy; Social problem solving

Definition

Problem-solving Training (PST): Problem-solving training is a psychotherapeutic intervention that assists clients in learning to solve their own problems in a systematic way. Effective problem solving is taught through five key processes, described below:
  1. (1)

    Problem Orientation: Problem orientation is the process of developing an adaptive mindset toward problems in one’s life. Characterized as being a normal part of living, problems are viewed as challenges that can be managed effectively with the correct tools. A successful problem orientation also includes an appreciation that substantial time and effort must be devoted to problem solving. Considered the most critical component of problem-solving training, significant time must be devoted to mastering an optimistic problem orientation.

     
  2. (2)

    Problem Definition and Formulation: The nature of the problem is correctly identified at this stage. The...

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Further Readings

  1. D’Zurilla, T. J. & Nezu, A. M. (1999). Problem-solving therapy: A social competence approach to clinical intervention. (2) New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  2. Malouff, J. M., Thorsteinsson, E. B., & Schutte, N. S. (2007). The efficacy of problem-solving therapy in reducing mental and physical health problems: A meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 46-57.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Nezu, A. M., Nezu, C. M., & Perri, M. G. (1989). Problem-solving therapy for depression: Theory, research, and clinical guidelines. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Nezu, A. M., Greenfield, A. P., & Nezu, C. M. (2015). Contemporary problem-solving therapy: A transdiagnostic intervention. In A. M. Nezu & C. M. Nezu (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of cognitive and behavioral therapies. New York: Oxford University Press. http://startmovingforward.dcoe.mil. online program for PST for PTSD in veterans.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Behavioral SciencesRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA