Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Motivational Interviewing

  • Joyce A. CorsicaEmail author
  • Lauren E. Bradley
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_416


Motivational interviewing is an evidence-based approach to helping people explore and resolve ambivalence about maladaptive behaviors that are creating some difficulty in their lives. Introduced by Dr. William R. Miller in 1983 at the University of New Mexico and developed in collaboration with Dr. Stephen Rollnick, motivational interviewing is a client-centered and directive approach that is designed to help develop intrinsic motivation for behavior change through the resolution of ambivalence about the behavior and its consequences. The underlying principle for this approach is that individuals are more likely to make lasting behavior changes when they reach a decision themselves rather than being forced or coerced.

The Spirit of Motivational Interviewing

Miller and Rollnick describe the spirit of motivational interviewing as a way of being with people. Working within the spirit of motivational interviewing requires collaboration (creating a partner-like relationship with...

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Further Readings

  1. Magill, M., Gaume, J., Apodaca, T. R., Walthers, J., Mastroleo, N. R., Borsari, B., & Longabaugh, R. (2014). The technical hypothesis of motivational interviewing: A meta-analysis of MI’s key causal model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(6), 973.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. (2012). Motivational interviewing: Helping people change (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  3. Moral, R. R., de Torres, L. A. P., Ortega, L. P., Larumbe, M. C., Villalobos, A. R., García, J. A. F., ... Collaborative Group ATEM-AP Study. (2015). Effectiveness of motivational interviewing to improve therapeutic adherence in patients over 65 years old with chronic diseases: A cluster randomized clinical trial in primary care. Patient Education and Counseling, 98, 977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Rollnick, S., Miller, W. R., & Butler, C. (2008). Motivational interviewing in health care: Helping patients change behavior. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Behavioral SciencesRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA