Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Customized Job Retention Services

  • Amy J. ArmstrongEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_395

Definition

Job retention is the process of facilitating the tenure of an individual in a particular employment setting. Individuals with disabilities often experience significant work interruption or job loss. Circumstances that may impact retention include: economic; personal, social, and demographic qualities; workplace dynamics; and psychological aspects. Employers can develop retention programs that consider employees with disabilities. Employment practices that can be modified to address employees with disabilities and employment retention include: orientation and onboarding programs, career development programs, mentoring programs, employee resource groups, and return to work programs (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2015).

In terms of customized job retention services for individuals with significant disabilities, this aspect is ideally considered prior to the job development (job seeking) and selection process. It involves the completion of a thorough assessment...

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References and Readings

  1. Griffin, C., Hammis, D., & Geary, T. (2007). The job developer’s handbook: Practical tactics for customized employment. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
  2. Morris-Wales, J. (2010). Literature review on job retention and career progression for persons with disabilities in Canada and Internationally. Canadian Centre on Disability Studies. http://disabilitystudies.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/Job-Retention-and-Career-Progression-Among-People-with-Disabilities-Final-Report.htm.
  3. U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (2015). Recruiting, Hiring, Retaining and Promoting People with Disabilities: A Resource Guide for Employers. https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/interagency/upload/employing_people_with_disabilities_toolkit_february_3_2015_v4-2.pdf.
  4. Return to Work Toolkit for Employees and Employers. Office of Disability Employment. https://www.dol.gov/odep/return-to-work/.
  5. Rubin, S., & Roessler, R. (2008). Foundations of the vocational rehabilitation process. Austin: Pro-Ed.Google Scholar
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  7. Wagner, C. C., Armstrong, A. J., Fraser, R. T., Vandergoot, D., & Thomas, D. F. (2006). Evidence-based employment practices in vocational rehabilitation. In K. J. Hagglund & A. W. Heinemann (Eds.), Applied disability and rehabilitation research. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  8. Wehman, P., Inge, K. J., Revell, G., & Brooke, V. (2007). Real work for real pay: Inclusive employment for people with disabilities. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation CounselingVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA