Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Community Re-entry

  • Allen N. LewisJr.Email author
  • Pamela H. Lewis
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_393


Community adjustment; Community integration


Community reentry is the extent that an individual who is initially unable to fully function in the community due to disability is eventually returned to the community to work and live independently, using natural supports and exercising full access, choice, autonomy, and striving for actualization. Actualization is the degree to which there is the achievement of a respectable quality of life.

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 attempted to legislate community integration by removing physical barriers related to access and making it illegal to discriminate on the basis of disability. However, 30 years since the ADA’s passage and after the recent passage of the ADA Restoration Act in late 2008, there is still significant concern that US society does not fully possess nor embrace the attitudes and values commensurate with full inclusion and community integration for individuals with disabilities.


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References and Readings

  1. Americans with Disabilities Amendments Act of 2008. (2008). Pub. L. No. 110–325, 122 Stat. 3553.Google Scholar
  2. Huey, K. (1980). Patient re-entry into the community. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 31, 51–56.Google Scholar
  3. Liberman, R. P., & Silbert, K. (2005). Community re-entry: Development of life skills. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 68(3), 220–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. McColl, M. A., Carlson, P., Johnston, J., Minnes, P., Shue, K., Davies, D., et al. (1998). The definition of community integration: Perspectives of people with brain injuries. Brain Injury, 12(1), 15–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. (2006). Long-range plan for fiscal years 2005 through 2009.Google Scholar
  6. President’s New Freedom Commission Report on Mental Health (2003). Achieving the promise: Transforming mental health care in America. Substance abuse and mental health services administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Health and Rehabilitation ScienceUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation Counseling, School of Allied Health ProfessionsVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA