Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Community-Based Rehabilitation

  • Allen N. LewisJr.Email author
  • Pamela H. Lewis
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_392


In vivo services; Milieu-based services; Outpatient rehabilitation


The provision of restorative or rehabilitative services targeted toward the amelioration of a disability (disability: any illness, condition, or impairment [congenital or acquired] that interferes with functioning in a major life domain) and/or the mitigation of functional limitation resultant from a disability to the maximum extent possible in a nonacute care, nonfacility-based service setting. Community-based rehabilitation services attempt to maximize the individual’s ability to function “in vivo” within major life pursuits such as independent daily living and work.

Community-based rehabilitation attempts to enhance the quality of life for individuals with disabilities and their families. This includes meeting basic needs but also going beyond to promote inclusion and participation. Community-based rehabilitation typically involves several domains of functioning such as health, education, work,...

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References and Readings

  1. Church, J., Saunders, D., Wanke, M., & Pong, R. (1995). Organizational models in community based health care: A review of the literature. Health Promotion and Programs Branch. Ottawa: Health Canada.Google Scholar
  2. World Health Organization, (2004). CBR: A strategy for rehabilitation, equalization of opportunities, poverty reduction and social inclusion of people with disabilities: Joint position paper/International Labour Organization, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the World Health Organization.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Health and Rehabilitation ScienceUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation Counseling, School of Allied Health ProfessionsVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA