Reference work entry
Hydrocephalus is a condition resulting from inadequate drainage or absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the brain.
Hydrocephalus is a common pediatric disorder, resulting from inadequate drainage or absorption of CSF. This is most commonly due to obstruction to flow, although overproduction of CSF secondary to tumor formation may be a rarely occurring cause (Rekate 2008). The excess of fluid may lead to dilation of the ventricles (Fig. 1) and subsequent elevation of ICP, which can further cause damage to surrounding neural tissue, resulting in neurologic deficits such as ataxia, impaired cognitive function, and endocrine disorders (Del Bigio 2001; Kaiser et al. 1989; Sorensen et al. 1986).
References and Readings
- Anderson, C. E., Garton, J. L., & Kestle, J. R. W. (2008). Treatment of hydrocephalus with shunts. In A. L. Albright, I. F. Pollack, & P. D. Adelson (Eds.), Principles and practice of pediatric neurosurgery (2nd ed., pp. 109–144). New York: Thieme.Google Scholar
- Kaiser, G., Ruedeberg, A., & Arnold, M. (1989). Endocrinological disorders in shunted hydrocephalus. Zeitschrift Fur Kinderchirurgie Und Grenzgebiete, 44(Suppl 1), 16–17.Google Scholar
- Rekate, H. L. (2008). Treatment of Hydrocephalus. In A. L. Albright, I. F. Pollack, & P. D. Adelson (Eds.), Principles and practice of pediatric neurosurgery (2nd ed., pp. 94–108). New York: Thieme.Google Scholar
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