Cytotoxic edema; Vasogenic edema
Cerebral edema is an increase in the water content of the brain that leads to brain swelling. It may be divided into two broad categories: vasogenic and cytotoxic.
Vasogenic edema involves a disruption in the blood-brain barrier with leakage of fluid from the intravascular space.
In cytotoxic edema, the blood-brain barrier is intact, and there is an increase in the intracellular fluid compartment.
References and Readings
- Beaumont, A., Marmarou, A., & Ward, J. D. (2001). Intracranial hypertension mechanisms and management. In D. G. McClone (Ed.), Pediatric neurosurgery (pp. 619–633). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.Google Scholar
- Greenberg, M. S. (1997). Handbook of neurosurgery. Lakeland: Greenberg Graphics.Google Scholar