Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Attentional Response Bias

  • Ronald A. CohenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_3001

Synonyms

Behavioral predisposition; Beta (β); Response tendency

Definition

Attentional response bias refers to the tendency or increased likelihood of selecting one response over others.

Summary

The concept of response bias is essential when considering or assessing attention, as it accounts for the fact that attentional selection is not only affected by sensitivity of the perceptual system to certain stimuli in the environment but also to an inclination to respond in one manner versus another to these stimuli. Response bias is a primary element of signal detection theory, which maintains that signal detection, and more broadly the accuracy of attention to target stimuli, is not only a function of discriminability (d′) associated with perceptual sensitivity but also the tendency to either respond or not respond in the situation (Beta). Response bias may be determined by various factors related to a given person’s behavioral disposition, including their tendency to be accepting of...

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References and Readings

  1. Cohen, R. A. (2014). Neuropsychology of attention (2nd ed.). New York: Plenum Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Green, D. M., & Swets, J. A. (1989). Signal detection theory and psychophysics. Los Altos: Peninsula Publishing.Google Scholar
  3. Heeren, A., De Raedt, R., & Koster, E. H. W. (2013). The (neuro) cognitive mechanisms behind attention bias modification in anxiety: Proposals based on theoretical accounts of attentional bias. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Lausanne. journal.frontiersin.org
  4. Heilbronner, R. L., Sweet, J. J., & Morgan, J. E. (2009). American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology consensus conference statement on the neuropsychological assessment of effort, response bias, and malingering. The clinical neuropsychologist. New York: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  5. Newman, D. P., O’Connell, R. G., & Bellgrove, M. A. (2013). Linking time-on-task, spatial bias and hemispheric activation asymmetry: A neural correlate of rightward attention drift. Neuropsychologia: Elsevier: Amsterdam.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cognitive Aging and Memory, McKnight Brain Institute, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA