Attentional Response Bias
Behavioral predisposition; Beta (β); Response tendency
Attentional response bias refers to the tendency or increased likelihood of selecting one response over others.
The concept of response bias is essential when considering or assessing attention, as it accounts for the fact that attentional selection is not only affected by sensitivity of the perceptual system to certain stimuli in the environment but also to an inclination to respond in one manner versus another to these stimuli. Response bias is a primary element of signal detection theory, which maintains that signal detection, and more broadly the accuracy of attention to target stimuli, is not only a function of discriminability (d′) associated with perceptual sensitivity but also the tendency to either respond or not respond in the situation (Beta). Response bias may be determined by various factors related to a given person’s behavioral disposition, including their tendency to be accepting of...
References and Readings
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- Heeren, A., De Raedt, R., & Koster, E. H. W. (2013). The (neuro) cognitive mechanisms behind attention bias modification in anxiety: Proposals based on theoretical accounts of attentional bias. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Lausanne. journal.frontiersin.org
- Heilbronner, R. L., Sweet, J. J., & Morgan, J. E. (2009). American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology consensus conference statement on the neuropsychological assessment of effort, response bias, and malingering. The clinical neuropsychologist. New York: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
- Newman, D. P., O’Connell, R. G., & Bellgrove, M. A. (2013). Linking time-on-task, spatial bias and hemispheric activation asymmetry: A neural correlate of rightward attention drift. Neuropsychologia: Elsevier: Amsterdam.Google Scholar