Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Basal Ganglia

  • Christina R. MarmarouEmail author
  • Matthew R. Parry
  • Ekaterina Dobryakova
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_298

Synonyms

Basal nuclei

Definition

The basal ganglia refer specifically to a group of subcortical structures considered as extrapyramidal motor components. These components include caudate and putamen, substantia nigra, subthalamic nucleus, and globus pallidus (GP). Figure 1 depicts major circuitry within the basal ganglia.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina R. Marmarou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Matthew R. Parry
    • 1
  • Ekaterina Dobryakova
    • 2
  1. 1.NeurosurgeryVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Traumatic Brain Injury ResearchKessler FoundationWest OrangeUSA