Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Evidence-Based Practice

  • Cindy B. IvanhoeEmail author
  • Ana Durand Sanchez
  • Nathan D. Zasler
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_28


Evidence-based medicine


Evidence-based practice (EBP) has been defined as “the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. It is the practice of integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research.” EBP requires making professional decisions based on systematically gathered evidence drawn from research and from experience and on the patient’s desires and needs in a specific situation.

Current Knowledge

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) requires that a practitioner ask questions, research the relevant information, evaluate the data for its validity and usefulness, and determine whether or not the information reviewed is appropriate for implementation in his/her specific clinical practice. It relies on the combination of scientific evidence, clinical expertise, and individual patient needs and choices. Assessment of validity...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Berke, D. M., Rozell, C. A., Hogan, T. P., Norcross, J. A., & Karpiak, C. P. (2011). What clinical psychologists know about evidence-based practice: Familiarity with online resources and research methods. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(4), 329–339.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Dale, A. E. (2005). Evidence-based practice: Compatibility with nursing. Nursing Standard, 19(40), 48–53.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Patterson-Silver Wolf, D. A., Dulmus, C. N., & Maguin, E. (2012). Empirically supported treatment’s impact on organizational culture and climate. Research on Social Work Practice, 22(6), 665–671.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Rubin, A., & Bellamy, J. (2012). Practitioner’s guide to using research for evidence-based practice (2nd ed.). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Spring, B., & Neville, K. (2014). Evidence-based practice in clinical psychology. In D. H. Barlow (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of clinical psychology. Oxford library of psychology series (pp. 128–149). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cindy B. Ivanhoe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana Durand Sanchez
    • 2
  • Nathan D. Zasler
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurorehabilitation Specialists Baylor College of MedicineThe Institute for Rehabilitation and ResearchHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Physical Medicine and RehabilitationBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Concussion Care Centre of Virginia, Ltd.RichmondUSA