Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Postconcussion Syndrome

  • Matthew R. PowellEmail author
  • Michael McCrea
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_270

Synonyms

Mild brain injury; Postconcussion disorder; Sport-related concussion

Definition

Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is best described as a constellation of cognitive, somatic, emotional, behavioral, or vegetative symptoms subjectively experienced by a person for more than 3 months following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI; Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- Fourth Edition; American Psychiatric Association 1994). See MTBI entry for details about this injury. Individuals with residual deficits following a brain injury of greater severity (moderate to severe brain injury) should not be classified as having PCS. Moreover, patients who experience symptom resolution before 3 months post-injury would not meet the criteria for PCS as transient symptoms are expected following MTBI. Some individuals with PCS may report symptoms across all the domains listed above, while others may report more circumscribed symptomatology.

Diagnostic criteria for PCS are outlined in the...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Neurocognitive Disorders, Department of Psychiatry and PsychologyMayo ClinicRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Neurosurgery and NeurologyMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA