Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Postacute Brain Injury Rehabilitation

  • James F. MalecEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_269

Definition

Rehabilitation provided in outpatient, community, or residential settings after hospitalization that may include inpatient rehabilitation for a brain injury.

Historical Background

Since the 1980s, decreasing lengths of stay for both acute inpatient medical treatment and inpatient rehabilitation following brain injury (BI) has resulted in increasing emphasis on postacute (post-hospitalization) rehabilitation. A number of approaches to postacute BI rehabilitation have emerged. These approaches share common elements, such as cognitive rehabilitation, behavioral and emotional.

Rationale or Underlying Theory

Brain injury often results in residual disabilities that persist following hospital discharge and interfere with reengagement in former activities, work, family, social, and community life.

Goals and Objectives

The goals of postacute rehabilitation are typically to reduce disability or to develop ways to work around persistent disabilities with an ultimate goal of...

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References and Readings

  1. Cicerone, K. D., Dahlberg, C., Kalmar, K., Langenbahn, D. M., Malec, J. F., Bergquist, T. F., et al. (2000). Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: Recommendations for clinical practice. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81, 1596–1615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cicerone, K. D., Dahlberg, C., Malec, J. F., Langenbahn, D. M., Felicetti, T., Kneipp, S., et al. (2005). Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: Updated review of the literature from 1998 through 2002. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86, 1681–1692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cicerone, K. D., Langenbahn, D. M., Braden, C., Malec, J. F., Kalmar, K., Fraas, M., et al. (2011). Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: Updated review of the literature from 2003 through 2008. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92, 519–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Malec, J. F. (2012). Post-hospital rehabilitation. In N. D. Zasler, D. I. Katz, & R. D. Zafonte (Eds.), Brain injury medicine (2nd ed., pp. 1288–1301). New York: Demos.Google Scholar
  5. Ponsford, J., Sloan, S., & Snow, P. (2012). Traumatic brain injury: Rehabilitation for everyday adaptive living (2nd ed.). New York: Psychology Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Wilson, B. A. (Ed.). (2003). Neuropsychological rehabilitation: Theory and practice. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationIndiana University School of Medicine and the Rehabilitation Hospital of IndianaIndianapolisUSA