Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Moderate Brain Injury

  • Samantha BackhausEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_259


Moderate traumatic brain injury


Moderate brain injury is characterized by a score of 9–12 on the Glasgow Coma scale (GCS) (severe TBI is 3–8). Moderate brain injuries typically result in a number of cognitive, physical, and emotional/neurobehavioral challenges, many of which may be permanent and can vary over the course of several years.


References and Readings

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). What is traumatic brain injury? http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/tbi/TBI.htm. Retrieved 26 Dec 2007.
  2. Ficker-Terrill, C., Flippo, K., Antoinette, T., & McMorrow, D. B. (2007). Overview of brain injury. In The essential brain injury guide (4th ed., pp. 1–24). McLean: Brain Injury Association of America.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeuropsychologyRehabilitation Hospital of IndianaIndianapolisUSA