Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Holistic Brain Injury Rehabilitation

  • James F. MalecEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_245

Definition

Holistic brain injury (BI) rehabilitation is an approach to postacute (posthospital) rehabilitation following brain injury that is directed at the “whole person.” As such, holistic programs include interventions that target cognitive, affective, behavioral, physical, social, and vocational difficulties and barriers confronting the person with BI.

Historical Background

Holistic brain injury rehabilitation was pioneered by Yehuda Ben-Yishay, Ph.D., in the 1980s, and elaborated by George P. Prigatano, Ph.D.

In 1994, Lance Trexler, Ph.D., convened a consensus conference in Zionsville, IN, that included Dr. Ben-Yishay and other seminal practitioners in holistic rehabilitation. This group identified the following key features of holistic rehabilitation:
  • Rehabilitation planning based on a comprehensive assessment

  • Neuropsychological orientation

  • Individualized goal setting

  • Therapeutic milieu

  • Outcome-oriented rehabilitation planning

  • High intensity of rehabilitation programming

  • Brain...

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References and Readings

  1. Cantor, J., Ashman, T., Dams-O’Connor, K., Dijkers, M. P., Gordon, W., Spielman, L., et al. (2014). Evaluation of the short-term executive plus intervention for executive dysfunction after traumatic brain injury: A randomized controlled trial with minimization. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(1), 1–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cicerone, K. D., Dahlberg, C., Kalmar, K., Langenbahn, D. M., Malec, J. F., Bergquist, T. F., et al. (2000). Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: Recommendations for clinical practice. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81, 1596–1615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cicerone, K. D., Dahlberg, C., Kalmar, K., Malec, J. K., Langenbahn, D. M., Felicetti, T., et al. (2005). Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: Updated review of the literature from 1998 through 2002. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 86, 1681–1692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cicerone, K. D., Langenbahn, D. M., Braden, C., Malec, J. F., Kalmar, K., Fraas, M., et al. (2011). Evidence-based cognitive rehabilitation: Updated review of the literature from 2003 through 2008. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92, 519–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationIndiana University School of Medicine and the Rehabilitation Hospital of IndianaIndianapolisUSA