Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Electrical Brain Injury

  • Bradley J. HuffordEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_237


Electrical injury; Electrocution; Lightning injury


For the purposes of this entry, “electrical brain injury” (EBI) refers to cerebral damage, system dysfunction, or death sustained from direct or indirect exposure to an electric current or source. Following the conventions generally present in the literature, the term “electrical injury” (EI) is used to distinguish injuries due to man-made sources of electricity from natural sources, referred to as “lightning injury” (LI).

Historical Background

Records of electricity-related injuries related to natural phenomena date back to the beginning of recorded history in cultures across the globe. Injury sustained from man-made electrical power is understandably a more recent occurrence, as generated electricity is a relatively modern development.

An appreciation of the safety risks of electrical power grew as the technology to harness and apply electricity for commercial and residential use became more common in the middle...

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References and Readings

  1. Duff, K., & McCaffrey, R. (2001). Electrical injury and lightning injury: A review of their mechanisms and neuropsychological, psychiatric, and neurological sequelae. Neuropsychology Review, 11(2), 101–116.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Gatewood, M., & Zane, R. (2004). Lightning injuries. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America, 22, 369–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  4. Pliskin, N., Capelli-Schellpfeffer, M., Law, R., Malina, A., Kelley, K., & Lee, R. (1998). Neuropsychological symptom presentation after electrical injury. The Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 44(4), 709–715.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Pliskin, N., Ammar, A., Fink, J., Hill, K., Malina, A., Ramati, A., et al. (2006). Neuropsychological changes following electrical injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 12, 17–23.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Primeau, M., Engelstatter, G., & Bares, K. (1995). Behavioral consequences of lightning and electrical injury. Seminars in Neurology, 15(3), 279–285.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NeuropsychologyRehabilitation Hospital of IndianaIndianapolisUSA