Mild traumatic brain injury; Sport-related concussion
A concussion is a trauma-induced alteration in neurological function (Giza and Hovda 2014). Giza and Hovda (2014) and Hovda et al. (1999) expertly describe the abnormal neurometabolic processes associated with concussion. Early clinical signs of concussion include alteration of mental status or behavior and can be accompanied by other symptoms outlined below (see mild traumatic brain injury).
Diagnosis of concussion is made based on identifying an event with adequate biomechanical force to cause a concussive injury and by examining acute injury severity indicators. Common mechanisms associated with concussion include a motor vehicle accident, fall, assault, or contact sports. In addition to a direct blow to the head, a concussion can result from rapid acceleration, deceleration, rotational or percussive forces that affect brain tissue. Injury severity indicators frequently used to diagnose concussion...
References and Readings
- Hovda, D. A., Prins, M., Becker, D. P., Lee, S., Bergsneider, M., & Martin, N. A. (1999). Neurobiology of concussion. In J. E. Bailes, M. R. Lovell, & J. C. Maroon (Eds.), Sports-related concussion (pp. 12–51). St. Louis: Quality Medical.Google Scholar
- McCrea, M. (2008). Mild traumatic brain injury and postconcussion syndrome: The new evidence base for diagnosis and treatment. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- McCrory, P., Meeuwisse, W., Aubry, M., Cantu, B., Dvorak, J., Echemendia, R. J., et al. (2013). Consensus statement on concussion in sport – the 4th international conference on concussion in sport held in Zurich, November 2012. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 23(2), 89–117. https://doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0b013e31828b67cf.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. (2003). Report to congress on mild traumatic brain injury in the United States: Steps to prevent a serious public health problem. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Google Scholar