Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Blast Injury

  • Bradley J. HuffordEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2236

Synonyms

This term is highly associated (but technically not synonymous) with mild traumatic brain injury and post-concussive symptoms.

Definition

A trauma sustained as a result of exposure to an explosion or its effects. Technically, blast injury can affect any physical system/function; its neurological effects are highlighted here.

Historical Background

Blast injuries can occur in any setting, civilian or military. However, exposure to the effects of explosive forces is much more associated with military populations and has been since the advent of modern warfare. Awareness of the effect of blast injuries began to emerge in earnest with the phenomenon of “shell shock” during the First World War. That war exposed a staggering number of soldiers to explosive injuries, far more than had previous conflicts. As a result, an ever-increasing number of military personnel presented with vague but incapacitating complaints that prevented them from returning to active (particularly front line)...

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References and Readings

  1. Bailie, J., Kennedy, J., French, L., Marshall, K., Prokhorenko, O., Asmussen, S., Reid, M., Qashu, F., Brickell, T., & Lange, R. (2016). Profile analysis of the neurobehavioral and psychiatric symptoms following combat-related mild traumatic brain injury: Identification of subtypes. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 31(1), 2–12.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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  6. Hoge, C., McGurk, D., Thomas, J., Cox, A., Engel, C., & Castro, C. (2008). Mild traumatic brain injury in U.S. soldiers returning from Iraq. The New England Journal of Medicine, 358(5), 453–463.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NeuropsychologyRehabilitation Hospital of IndianaIndianapolisUSA