This term is highly associated (but technically not synonymous) with mild traumatic brain injury and post-concussive symptoms.
A trauma sustained as a result of exposure to an explosion or its effects. Technically, blast injury can affect any physical system/function; its neurological effects are highlighted here.
Blast injuries can occur in any setting, civilian or military. However, exposure to the effects of explosive forces is much more associated with military populations and has been since the advent of modern warfare. Awareness of the effect of blast injuries began to emerge in earnest with the phenomenon of “shell shock” during the First World War. That war exposed a staggering number of soldiers to explosive injuries, far more than had previous conflicts. As a result, an ever-increasing number of military personnel presented with vague but incapacitating complaints that prevented them from returning to active (particularly front line)...
References and Readings
- Bailie, J., Kennedy, J., French, L., Marshall, K., Prokhorenko, O., Asmussen, S., Reid, M., Qashu, F., Brickell, T., & Lange, R. (2016). Profile analysis of the neurobehavioral and psychiatric symptoms following combat-related mild traumatic brain injury: Identification of subtypes. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 31(1), 2–12.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Batten, S., Beal, S., Bleiberg, J., et al. (2009). Defense centers of excellence for psychological health and traumatic brain injury and defense and veterans brain injury center consensus conference on cognitive rehabilitation for mild traumatic brain injury. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- Gaylord, K., Cooper, D., Mercade, J., Kennedy, J., Yoder, L., & Holcomb, J. (2008). Incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder and mild traumatic brain injury in burned service members: Preliminary report. The Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 64, S200–S206.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar