Benton, Arthur (1909–2006)
Landmark Clinical, Scientific, and Professional Contributions
Arthur Benton was one of the pioneering figures in clinical neuropsychology. Beginning in the 1940s, he introduced and applied novel and objective assessment techniques that provided a basis for fundamental brain-behavior studies in aphasia, visuospatial abilities, hemispheric specialization, and other cognitive processes. Through the development of standardized tasks that stressed specific abilities, together with the collection of data from neurological patients and normal comparison subjects, he was able to bring increased reliability and sensitivity to the mental status exam, helping to establish neuropsychology as a valuable clinical entity. He developed a number of neuropsychological tests that have been in wide use in clinical and research settings worldwide for several decades, including the Visual Retention Test, Judgment of Line Orientation, Three-Dimensional Block Construction, and Facial Recognition. He advocated...
- Ackerly, S. S., & Benton, A. L. (1948). Report of a case of bilateral frontal lobe defect. In The frontal lobes; proceedings of the Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease 1947, 27 (pp. 479–504). Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
- Benton, A. L. (1960). Motivational influences on performances in brain-damaged patients. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 30, 313–321.Google Scholar
- Benton, A. L. (1962). Behavioral indices of brain injury in school children. Child Development, 33, 199–208.Google Scholar
- Benton, A. L., Hamsher, K. deS., Varney, N. R., & Spreen, O. (1983). Contributions to neuropsychological assessment. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar