Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Melodic Intonation Therapy

  • Lyn S. TurkstraEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2224


Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a method for the rehabilitation of persons with nonfluent aphasia who present with severely restricted verbal output. MIT emphasizes the use of rhythm and prosody to elicit verbal output. Stimulus items are high-probability words, phrases, and sentences that are functional and meaningful to the person.

Historical Background

For over 200 years, it has been known that most patients with severe aphasia are capable of singing more fluently than they speak. This idea inspired aphasiologists to use rhythm and music to stimulate language production. Instead of singing popular songs, clinicians recommended using functional words and sentences attached to rhythmic patterns. Formal studies of this approach to aphasia therapy completed in the 1970s (Albert et al. 1973) led to the development of the MIT Technique (Helm-Estabrooks et al. 1989).

Rationale or Underlying Theory

Researchers have hypothesized that language and musical functions associated...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Rehabilitation ScienceMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada